Dandruff vs. Dry Scalp: What’s the Difference

dandruff vs dry scalp

Winter = dry. This dryness is not limited to facial skin, body skin, and hands and feet. It is not surprising that the scalp dries like other parts of the skin. However, hair skin dandruff has special problems, and any of the symptoms of dry skin can also cause dandruff. So what is the difference between dandruff vs. dry scalp?

What is dandruff?

Dandruff is not merely a scalp that peels off. Dandruff is losing dandruff at any time, but this piece is so fine that it does not attract much attention. It is dandruff if the area of ​​dandruff accompanied by itching and inflammation is large.

Oily scalp-scalp regularly releases more sebum than normal skin and yeast fungi that secrete a lot of lipase and protease. These two substances break down the skin’s triacylglycerol to break down the natural stratum corneum. The skin barrier changes the chemical composition of free fatty acids and increases the amount, stimulating keratinocytes to secrete cytokines, causing skin inflammation and dandruff.

What is a dry scalp?

It is actually dry skin, but due to its unique location, it is slightly different from other skins.

First of all, scalp washing is not as frequent as washing hands and face, and the scalp is less exposed to surfactants that cause drying.

Second, the hair follicles of the scalp secrete more oil to help moisturize, so theoretically, the scalp is not easy to dry. But anyway, one reason for scalp dripping is definitely dry.

Dandruff vs. dry scalp: what’s the difference?

For dandruff and dry scalp, there are some key differences that can help treat dandruff / dry, flaky scalp. Read on to find out what causes these two brittle scalp problems.

Dry scalp literally doesn’t produce or maintain enough natural oil to keep the hair’s skin dry and moist, while dandruff (also known as pityriasis capitis or pityriasis sicca) is usually associated with a scalp imbalance. Conditions are leading to the overproduction of skin cells. It may be difficult to distinguish because a white scalp occurs, but dry scalp and dandruff require different treatment.

Causes of dandruff vs. the dry scalp

Dry scalp

Dry scalp occurs when the skin does not have enough oil to lubricate the skin.

Like other forms of dry skin, it can cause itching, acne, and irritation. Also, the oil on the scalp adjusts the position of the hair, making it look dry.

People with dry skin dry their scalp. This means that many things that cause dry skin can lead to scalp dryness.

  • Dry winter, especially in winter
  • Too much washing
  • Skin conditions like eczema


Like other skin, the scalp will shed dead skin cells. When the process is accelerated, dandruff occurs. Dandruff vs. dry scalp tablets is actually dead skin cells.

As the scalp loses dead skin faster, dandruff gets worse. Some factors can change the rate of skin loss.

According to the American Academy of Dermatology, the researchers did not fully understand the cause of dandruff. Possible causes of dandruff include:

  • Fungal infections of the scalp
  • Oil secretes the scalp.
  • Sensitivity to substances such as hair products

These three factors together will exacerbate dandruff. For example, people with fungal scalp may exacerbate dandruff on sensitive or oily scalp.

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Most people live on the scalp of a fungus called Malassezia without any problems. However, in people with dandruff, this fungus can cause irritation and debris. This stimulation may be due to the way fungi interact with other factors.

Is there dandruff?

There is an enormous difference between dandruff and normal scalp. Dandruff occurs when the body has an inflammatory response to excess yeast on the scalp. Seborrheic eczema or Malassezara are often caused by fungi. The latter fungus usually lives on the scalp, but if you eat an excessive amount of, the skin cells will multiply faster than usual.

Dandruff flakes stick with the scalp and hair faster than white powder flakes related to dry scalp. The dandruff pieces look bigger and more greasy. Dandruff also can cause the scalp to be greasy, red, scaly, and itchy.

You may have diseases almost like dandruff, like eczema or psoriasis. If you’re unsure whether you’ve got another scalp disease, please consult your doctor.


People who often see dry skulls are shedding fragments inside their skulls. However, unlike true dandruff flakes, the flakes associated with dry scalp are small and hard.

Dandruff is large, yellow, or brown. Dandruff and dry scalp can still occur, but fungal infections will not cure dandruff if left untreated. However, scalp dryness is often improved by reducing the amount of shampoo.

Both conditions may cause itching and inflammation of the scalp. If the symptoms are severe, people who have both symptoms often bruise the scalp, causing redness or slight swelling.

Does your scalp dry?

If you reject all of the above conditions, it is likely that your scalp is dry. After all, the scalp is skin; just like the rest of the body, it needs the body’s natural oils (also known as sebum) to become mild and moist. If sebum production slows down, your scalp will feel dry, stiff and itchy.

.Causes of dry scalp are:

Outdoor conditions such as cold and dry weather or dry home heat.
Internal dehydration due to diet or lifestyle.
Collection of Styling Products.
Take plenty of caps or wigs to prevent the oxygen from reaching the scalp.

How to eliminate dandruff?

If you choose to classify excess debris as dandruff, what are the next steps? Most doctors recommend using antifungal shampoos containing salicylic acid to eliminate the accumulation of dead skin cells, or shampoos containing thienopyridine zinc to kill the fungi that cause dandruff. Biolage experts suggest that the shampoo contains antibacterial and soothing ingredients, such as zinc pyrithione and mint leaves. Wash your hair often to avoid oil accumulation.

If you want to use natural or natural ingredients in your hair care, search for shampoos containing active salicylic acid and willow bark. These ingredients purify and dissolve protein cells that accumulate on the scalp, making it easy to remove dandruff.

How do you remove dry scalp?

Treating dry scalp is similar to treating dry skin. Unlike dandruff, which has too much oil, dry scalp is when the scalp does not produce enough oil. Some of the most effective strategies are:

  • Use a gentle shampoo. Harsh formulas can remove the natural oil of your scalp, so look for shampoos that are rich, moisturizing and contain naturally derived ingredients.
  • Shampoo less often. If you don’t shampoo often, the symptoms of dandruff can get worse, but if you shampoo too often, your dry scalp can worsen. Skip a few days between shampoos. If washing takes too long, consider a low shampoo cleansing conditioner that clears the hair and scalp without removing the natural oil of the scalp.
  • Oil the scalp. Treatment of the scalp with therapeutic oils can restore moisture and relieve irritation. Apply a few drops of oil per section and massage on the scalp. (Massage is also great for dry scalp!) To improve treatment, go outdoors and sit in the sun or heat with a dryer. Heat helps to penetrate the product. Dry hair will also help!
  • Exfoliate the scalp. Exfoliation is amazing for dry scalp. You can choose a hair mask formula or real scrub with fruit enzymes, sugar or salicylic acid that doesn’t need to be pulled or rubbed.
    Drink more water. Sounds simple, but the fastest way to hydrate your skin and scalp is to hydrate your body. This means drinking large amounts of water. Experts recommend 8 glasses of 8 oz or more per day. However, avoid drinking and alcoholic beverages as they can cause dehydration rather than mitigation.
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How is dandruff different from dry scalp?

If scalp dryness is caused by a lack of moisture, dandruff is actually caused by scalp overproduction. Seborrheic eczema can occur anywhere in the body, and the skin is red, greasy, and scaly, and it usually causes dandruff flakes.

What does dandruff look like?

Dandruff tablets are usually larger than dry scalp tablets. They are white or light yellow and have an oily appearance. The scalp itself also appears greasy and red, making the condition worse.

Just like a dry scalp, when a person has dandruff, the scalp becomes very itchy. However, if you are caught in temptation, you should avoid scratching. As a result, bacteria can enter the scalp and become infected.

How to care for dandruff

Using certain shampoos for dandruff can help control this scalp condition. Medicinal shampoos containing asphalt can help slow down the excessive production of skin cells. It will also help reduce itching associated with dandruff.

If you are worried about scalp condition or scalp inflammation, you should see a general practitioner or dermatologist. They will recommend the right treatment for you.

1. Is dandruff contagious?

Truth: relief, dandruff is not an infection.

2. Is dandruff caused by an unsanitary condition?

Truth: Dandruff cannot be cured with a regular shampoo. The cause of dandruff comes from sensitive reactions to irritants, sebum and microorganisms.

3. Can styling products cause dandruff?

Truth: No, styling products look like dandruff, leaving a white dandruff residue.

4. Is dandruff caused by dry scalp?

Truth: Dandruff is not related to dry scalp.

5. Shampoo advertises that it can remove dandruff. Is this a dandruff shampoo?

Truth: Any shampoo can remove dandruff from the surface, and that doesn’t mean it’s an anti-dandruff shampoo.

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