When it comes to diabetes, we often tend to generalize and overlook the critical distinction. You have to know the difference between type 1 vs type 2 diabetes.
People with diabetes are well aware of this distinction. And because they have different causes and treatments. But are you sure you know all about this distinction? Or are you worried about confusing it?
Six thousand four hundred twenty-four children. And adolescents were identified as newly suffering from T1D over the period.
What are the differences between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes?
When your body can not make enough or permanently no more insulin, it calls type 1 diabetes. This hormone, produced by the pancreas. Lowers sugar levels – blood sugar – in the blood. So when you stop secreting insulin, your blood sugar is higher than usual. Type 1 diabetes will be diagnosed. If your fasting blood sugar is more significant than 1.26 g / L (7 mmol / L). Or if your blood sugar at any time of the day is greater than 2 g / L. You will have to inject yourself with this hormone several times a day. (n)
Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in young people. Like children, teens, young adults. And the symptoms are fatigue. Like weight loss, frequent need, and desire to urinate. (n)
Despite advances in research, the causes of dysfunction in insulin production are not well understood. However, we know that type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. Its immune system then attacks the body. (n)
The hereditary nature of diabetes has also been demonstrated. But the probability of transmitting the disease remains relatively low. The risk that the child of a person with type 1 diabetes will also suffer from this disease. That is around 5%. (n)
Diabetes is characterized by a complete and permanent absence of insulin production. Which causes too high glucose levels in the blood. It is an autoimmune disease. The only treatment is insulin by injection. (n)
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes attacks the body’s ability to make insulin or beta cells. That results in insufficient production of this hormone. Which needs to control blood sugar levels.
In type 2, excess body fat interferes with insulin activity.
It dramatically increases the level of sugar in the blood. (n)
Symptoms of a type 2 diabetes may include increased thirst.
Also, frequent urination, and increased fatigue. It also increases the chances
of severe problems with your eyes, heart, and nerves. (n)
It is a lifelong disease that can affect your daily life.
That can cause you to change your diet, take medication. And have regular
Type 2 diabetes often causes by being overweight. Or not
working out. If a person has a past family history of type 2 diabetes increases
the risk of developing it. (n)
The peculiarity of type 2 diabetes is that you can be a victim without even knowing it. However, some symptoms are revealing:
- intense and repeated thirst
- excessive urge to urinate
- extreme hunger and abnormal weight loss
- Fatigue and loss of muscle tone
- Other problems can arise with prolonged hyperglycemia:
- Recurrent infections (skin, gums, genitals)
- Slow healing
- Vision disturbances (inadequate blood supply to the retina)
The diagnostic test is based on a blood sample on an empty stomach (min 8 hours). That will allow you to measure the levels of sugar in the blood (glycemia). When the blood sugar is greater than or equal to 1.26 g / L, the diagnosis of diabetes is confirmed.
The doctor then proceeds to several additional examinations:
- Weight and height measurement
- Calculation of BMI (Body Mass Index)
- pulse, blood pressure, etc.
- Neurological examination (rarer)
- cholesterol level in the blood)
- Kidney function analysis
Finally, depending on the disease stage, the healthcare professional may decide to do ophthalmological examinations. (n)
More info on type 1 vs type 2 diabetes
Even if the manifestation of diabetes manifests itself differently according to the two types.The significant consequence of the pathology is the same.A metabolic alteration leading to an excess of glucose in the blood.
The main differences between type 1 vs type 2 diabetes relate to how the disease manifests itself.The age at which it appears, and its treatment.
However, Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age.But it appears mainly in children and adolescents. That’s with peaks observed, especially between the preschool period and puberty. In general, its onset is rapid and very “noisy,”.And the risk factors are not yet known with certainty.
Although, like type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is also the most common form of diabetes today.And accounts for nearly 90% of diabetes cases. Usually, it develops in adulthood.Also, its risk of occurrence increases with age. Overweight, obese, an unbalanced diet, a sedentary life, hypertension, high cholesterol.And triglycerides, smoking. Also, family history is considered risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Appears slower, more progressive than type 1 diabetes. It sets in “silently.”
How to treat type 2 diabetes?
While you can treat type 2 diabetes with an appropriate diet. Also, regular physical activity.Or even taking oral antidiabetic drugs without necessarily taking recurrent insulin.Type 1 diabetes is in progress. On the other hand, what is called insulin-dependent diabetes? In other words, to properly manage the peaks of glucose in the blood.Insulin must imperatively be administered daily.Either by performing several injections each day or using an insulin pump. (n)
Type 1 diabetes requires more intensive and aggressive treatment to control blood sugar levels. (n)
In the past, juvenile diabetes was often referred to as type 1 diabetes.As this type of diabetes begins in childhood. However, it is wrong to believe that children with diabetes necessarily have type 1 diabetes.
Even in childhood, obesity and lifestyle risk factors can lead to the development of type 2 diabetes. (n)
Type 1 is also frequently insulin-dependent due to the need for insulin injections which sufferers must undergo.
However, a person taking insulin does not necessarily have type 1 diabetes. In fact, at certain stages of the pathology, type 2 diabetes may also require insulin administration. (n)
Finally, a final significant difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes concerns the symptoms
How to recognize?
A simple urine test will show the strong presence of sugars because, in type 1 diabetes.The lesions of the pancreatic cells secreting insulin are total and irreversible. (n)
When type 2 diabetes, the disease follows a course, passing from latent diabetesto a complete form. The actual deficit in pancreatic cells is manifested. These are no longer able to produce adequate insulin levels. Or blood tests to detect hyperglycemia in the fasting state.And the presence of sugars in the urine. (n)
Also, symptoms such as increased hunger, intense thirst. In this case, frequent urinationwill have a slower and more gradual onset. (n)
These two type of diabetes is very familiar to all of us. No family can be found where there are no diabetics. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), diabetes is now an epidemic. The WHO has recently announced the cause of the outbreak. (n)
The American Diabetes Association shows that diabetes is a disease that can never cure. But it can easily control this disease. (n)
According to the Irish Independent, when we eat carbohydrates or common sugary foods, it is broken down into glucose. Insulin is a type of hormone. Its job is to deliver this glucose to the cells of the human body. The body’s cells then use that glucose to produce energy. People do their daily work with that energy. So when this glucose does not reach the cells of the body.It will disrupt the daily work of humans. (n)
What is diabetes?
When someone has diabetes, the secretion of insulin hormone in that person’s body decreases. As a result, glucose cannot reach the cells of the body. It increases the glucose in the blood. Besides, excess glucose is usually excreted through the urine. That is why people with diabetes urinate frequently. When there is a lot of urination, the patient who has diabetes becomes thirsty. (n)
On the other hand, a patient who urinates frequently loses large amounts of glucose. In this way, the cells of the body cannot produce the required energy. As a result, the patient feels weak. If the diabetes patient does not take proper measures to control diabetes, various physical complications can occur. It including problems with his blood vessels, nerves, kidneys, eyes, and heart. (n)
Symptoms of diabetes
There are some common symptoms of diabetes. According to the USA Diabetes Association, diabetes can be easily identified by paying attention to certain things. And as soon as diabetes can be identified, you must take control measures. The symptoms of diabetes are:
- Frequent urination
- Get thirsty
- Frequent hunger even after regular meals
- Feeling exhausted
- Blurred vision
- Cuts on different parts of the body do not heal easily
- Weight loss despite eating
- Pain in limbs or occasional fainting
FAQ on type 1 Vs Type 2 Diabetes
- How to prevent type 1 and type 2 Diabetes?
There are no known lifestyle factors associated with type 1 diabetes. It is an autoimmune disease for there are no clear preventative measures to be taken.
You can prevent these diseases by adopting a healthy lifestyle. And it is making choices that focus on your daily well-being. Also, you can significantly reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes or prediabetes. It is not necessarily tricky!
- What is type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes, which accounts for 5-10% of diabetes. It is an autoimmune disease, with the pancreas’ failure. It attacks by autoantibodies. Thus, the causes of type 1 diabetes still poorly identified. But they are independent of the patient’s lifestyle.
- What is type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes, or 90% of diabetes, it causes by a decrease in insulin sensitivity. It associates with dysfunction of the beta cells in the pancreas responsible for secreting insulin. T2D usually begins after 40 years of age. It has a vital genetic component.
And It classically consider a poor lifestyle. However, if obesity, a diet that is too fatty and too sweet. And a sedentary lifestyle are indeed risk factors. It cannot reduce the causes of T2D to lifestyle alone.
- When should we take insulin?
Diabetes often breaks out suddenly, from an early age. And immediately requires treatment with insulin. That is why we talk about insulin-dependent diabetes.
Moreover, diagnostic advances have shown us that it is not always that simple. In obese children. For example, the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes often made excessively and erroneously. While it is sometimes actual insulin-dependent type 1 diabetes.
Conclusion of type 1 Vs Type 2 Diabetes
Understanding the difference between the two types of diabetes doesn’t have to be complicated. To avoid type 2 diabetes, you must first have a healthy lifestyle. But you can detect the signs of either type early with good screening.
Diabetes is linked to insulin, a hormone produced by your pancreas. It promotes the transformation of sugars. And other foods to give you the energy you need to live your daily life. If the insulin level is insufficient, you may have too much sugar (glucose) in your bloodstream. Which will result in the development of various severe and chronic symptoms.
Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, most of the symptoms are the same. But you can maximize your chances of type 2 diabetes by making informed decisions.